Saturday, February 23, 2008

Jagjit Singh

Jagjit Singh
Background information
Born: February 8 1941 (1941--) (age 66) Ganganagar, Rajputana, British India
Genre(s): ghazal, playback singing
Occupation(s): Singer, Composer
Instrument(s): Vocalist Years active 1981–present
Jagjit Singh((Punjabi: ਜਗਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ,Hindi:जगजीत सिंह, Urdu: جگجیت سنگھ) (born February 8, 1941) is an Indian ghazal singer. He sings in the Urdu, Punjabi, Hindi languages, and Gujarati language.
Early years
Jagjit Singh was born in Ganganagar, then in Rajputana in British India. His father Sardar Amar Singh Dhiman, employed with the Government of India, hailed from Dalla village in Ropar district of Punjab and his mother Bachchan Kaur came from a deeply religious Sikh family of Ottallan village near Samralla. His siblings include four sisters and two brothers and he is fondly called Jeet by his family members. Although his late father wanted him to become a bureaucrat by joining the Indian Administrative Service, he was later reported to be happy with his son's achievements in the world of music. Jagjit went to Khalsa High School at Ganganagar. He studied Sciences during (after matriculation) from Government College, Ganganagar and went for graduation to DAV College, Jalandhar in arts stream. He also acquired a post-graduage degree in history from Kurukshetra University, Haryana.
Music Career
Superhit Ghazals of Jagjit Singh
==========================
Apne hothon par sajaana chaahta hoon
Kaise kaise haadse sehte rahe
Wo jo hum mein tumme qaraar tha tumHe yaad ho ke na yaad ho
Patta-patta boota-boota haal hamaara jaane hai
Apne haathon kee lakiron meiN basa le mujhko
Sadma to hai mujhe bhi ke tujhse juda hoon main
Apni aankho ke samundar mein utar jaane de
Meri zindagi kisi aur ki, mere naam ka koi aur hai
Aadmi aadmi ko kya degaa
Apni marzi se kahan apni safar ke hum hain
Ik baramhahn ne kaha hai ke ye saal achhaa hai
Main na hindoo na musalmaan mujhe jeene do
Garaj baras pyaasi dharthi par phir paani de maula
Chak jigar ke see lete hain
Main bhool jaaoon tumhe, ab yahi munaasib hai
Jaate jaate wo mujhe achchhi nishaani de gaya
Shaam se aankh mein namin si hai
Tere baare mein jab socha nahin thaa
Tere aane ki jab khabar mehke
Tamanna fir machal jaaye agar tum milne aa jaao
Ab main ration ki kataron mein nazar aata hoon
Tujhse milne ki saza denge tere shehar ke log
Patthar ke khuda, patthar ke sanam
Huzoor aapka bhi ahtraam karta chaloon
Din aa gaye sabaab ke aanchal sambhaaliye
Gulshan ki faqat phoolon se nahin kaaton se bhi zeenat hoti hai
Baat saaqi ki na taali jaayegi
Chupke chupke raat din aansoon bahana yaad hai
Roshan jamal-e-yaar se hai anjuman tamaam
Tera chehra kita suhaana lagta hai
Tum naihin, gham nahin sharaab nahin
Sarakti jaaye hain rukh se naqaab aahistaa-aahista
Ae khuda ret ke sehra ko samandar kar de
Yeh daulat bhi le lo, yeh shohrat bhi le lo
Hoshwalo ko khabar
Honthon se chhoo lo tum
Koi yeh kaise bataye
Tere khat
Bahut khoobsurat hai
Kiska Chehera
Kal chodvi ki raat thi
Baat niklegi to
Der laagi ane mein tumko
Main nashe mein hoon
Pyar mujhse jo kiya tumne
Tera chehera hai aaeene jaisa
Chitthi na koi sandesh
Tum itna jo muskura rahe ho
Koi fariyaad
Kahin duur jab din
Kehta hai baabul
Jhuki jhuki si nazar
Tumko dekha to yeh khayal
Sehma sehma
Yaad kiya dil ne kaha ho tum
Aap ko dekh kar
Jab samne tum
Hazaron khwaishe hai aisi
Initial days
Jagjit Singh's association with music goes back to his childhood. He learnt music under Pandit Chaganlal Sharma for two years in Ganganagar, and later devoted six years to learning Khayal, Thumri and Dhrupad forms of Indian Classical Music from Ustad Jamaal Khan of Sainia Gharana. The Vice Chancellor of Punjab and Kurukshetra University, Late Professor Suraj Bhan encouraged his interest in music. He arrived in Mumbai (then Bombay) in 1965 in search of better opportunities as a career musician and singer. His early struggle in the music industry, though not too harsh by his own account, still had its share of trials and tribulations. He lived as a paying guest and his earlier assignments were singing advertisement jingles or performing at weddings and parties.
Rise to fame
During 1970s, in India, the art of ghazal singing was dominated by well-established names like Noor Jehan, Malika Pukhraj, Begum Akhtar,Talat Mahmood and Mehdi Hassan. However, Jagjit was still able to make his mark and carve out a niche for himself. In 1976, his album The Unforgettables (On HMV LP Records) hit the music stores. Essentially a ghazal album, it's emphasis on melody and Jagjit's fresh voice was a departure from the prevalent style of ghazal rendition, which was heavily based on classical and semi-classical Indian music. Skeptics had their own reservations, purists scorned it but it was widely successful among listeners and the album set new sales records.
In 1967 he met Chitra, also a singer, while doing jingles. After a two year long courtship they got married in 1969. They epitomise the first successful husband-wife singing team. Jagjit Singh, with Chitra, has contributed immensely towards changing the course of this genre of music known as 'Ghazal' making it more ear friendly, melodic and enojoyable by a wider audience.
Later successful releases of the duo include Ecstasies, A Sound Affair and Passions. While these albums were breezy, Beyond Time released in the opening years of 1990s was an experimentation with sounds and conveyed a feeling that was beyond space and time. Around this time the duo was struck by grief as their only son, Vivek, who was twenty-one, met an untimely death in a road accident. Not only Jagjit and Chitra, it was a big shock to his numerous fans also. The album is a tour to the soul, ethereal, conscientious and introspective. The ghazals have a moving quality to them since they express the personal loss of Jagjit and Chitra. 'Someone Somewhere' was the last album containing ghazals sung by both. After that, Chitra quit singing.
Jagjit Singh continued singing his later albums, including Hope, In Search, Insight, Mirage, Visions, Kahkashan (meaning "Galaxy"), Love Is Blind, Chirag (meaning "Lamp"/"Flame") also achieved success. Sajda (an Urdu word meaning "offering"), which has ghazals sung by Jagjit and Lata Mangeshkar was another brilliant release and made its mark as a classic Ghazal album. The combined successes of his many albums made him arguably the number one ghazal singer in India. The audience wanted more and Jagjit Singh obliged with his Punjabi albums. Ebullient, effervescent and bubbly, his Punjabi songs are pleasant as well as joyous. Their enchanting ghazals use the choicest poetry by renowned poets including Mirza Ghalib, Ameer Meenai, Kafeel Aazer, Sudarshan Faakir and Nida Fazli…. and contemporary writers like Zaka Siddiqi, Nazir Bakri, Faiz Ratlami and Rajesh Reddy.
Jagjit also sang (as playback singer) for various songs in Bollywood films including Arth, Saath Saath and Premgeet (all from 1980s). The scores remain popular even today. In fact, all the songs of film Premgeet were composed by Jagjit. His compositions for the TV serial Mirza Ghalib (based on the life of the poet Mirza Ghalib), remain extremely popular among ghazal aficionados. The elusive element of Ghalib's poetry was sensitively and wonderfully brought out in the soulful compositions of Ghalib's ghazals by Jagjit Singh. The album could veritably be called a magnum opus.
Compared to his earlier ghazals (sung during 70s and 80s) his later ghazals have acquired a more soulful and poignant demeanour, as in albums such as Marasim, Face To Face, Aaeena, Cry For Cry. But all through this, romance never took a backseat! The journey to the soul is punctuated by romantic pauses like Dil Kahin Hosh Kahin. A testimony to his popularity is his ghazals in recent Bollywood flicks like Dushman, Sarfarosh, Tum Bin and Tarkeeb.
Most of the earlier albums of Jagjit Singh had English titles. Later, these had Urdu names like Sahar (meaning "Dawn"/"Morning"), Muntazir (meaning "In waiting"), Marasim (meaning "Relation"/"Relationship"/"Affinity" ) "Soz" (Pathos) etc.. The switchover may not be deliberate but marks a milestone in his singing. These new albums show a far better selection of lyrics and yes, even the singing has scaled new peaks.
Besides ghazals, Jagjit Singh has also sung Bhajans and Gurbani(Hindu and Sikh devotional hymns respectively) . Albums such as Maa, Hare Krishna, Hey Ram...Hey Ram, Ichhabal and also Man Jeetai Jagjeet in Punjabi, put him in the league of Bhajan singers such as Mukesh, Hari Om Sharan, Yesudas, Anup Jalota and Purushottam Das Jalota. The soothing effect that Jagjit's voice has on frayed nerves has prompted psychiatrists in metros (as large cities in India are called) to prescribe them as stress relievers.
Impact
Jagjit Singh is accredited with bringing the ghazal genre, which was previously restricted to the elite classes, to the masses. His music direction can be seen to be pioneering in changing the sound layout by adding more Western instruments while mostly retaining the traditional orchestra (which includes a tabla, and harmonium, and a couple of string instruments)
Jagjit Singh is accredited with finding one of the foremost playback singers in Bollywood in modern times, Kumar Sanu. As he played a big part in Sanu's initial career, in an interview Sanu said that Singh took him to meet the legendary music composers Kalyanji Anandji after hearing his voice, from there on Sanu has become a legend in Bollywood for his range and singing as he went to win five male playback Filmfare Awards in a row. A record that still stands.
In addition to cultivating his own successful career, Jagjit Singh has been involved in guiding many new, talented singers such as Talat Aziz, Ghanshyam Vaswani, Ashok Khosla, Siza Roy and Vinod Sehgal. He also lends active support to several philanthropic endeavors such as the Library at St. Mary's (Mumbai), Bombay Hospital, CRY, and ALMA (an organization that adopts under-privileged students for further education and development).
Jagjit Singh lives in Cumballa Hills, Mumbai.
In October 2007, Jagjit Singh is hospitalized following low blood circulation to the brain.[1]
Awards
In 2003, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan, one of India's highest civilian honours, from the Government of India. [1]
In 2006, Teacher's Achievement Awards [2]
Discography
Song for films
Film Name
Year
Details
Pyar Kare Dis : Feel The Power of Love
2007
[3]
Umar
2006
playback Singer: "Khumari Chaddh Ke Utar Gayi"
Baabul
2006
playback Singer: "Kehta Hai Baabul"
Kasak
2005
lyrics
Veer-Zaara
2004
lyrics
Dhoop
2003
playback singer: "Benaam Sa Ye Dard", "Har Ek Ghar Mein Diya", "Teri Aankhon Se Hi" lyrics
Joggers' Park
2003
"Bari Najuk Hai" lyrics
Aapko Pehle Bhi Kahin Dekha Hai
2003
"Aisi Aankhen Nahin Dekhi"
Leela
2002
"Dhuan Uttha Hai", "Jaag Ke Kati", "Jabse Kareeb Ho Ke Chale", "Tere Khayal Ki"
Vadh
2002: "Bahut Khoobsurat"
Deham: 2001 "Yun To Guzar Raha Hai"
Tum Bin :2001 "Koi Fariyaad"
Tarkieb: 2000 "Kiska Chehra ab mai dekhun... Tera chehra dekhkar"
Shaheed Udham Singh: 2000 Bhopal Express
1999: is duniya mein rakha kya hai
Sarfarosh: 1999 "Hosh Walon Ko"
Dushman: 1998 "Chhitti Na Koi Sandesh"
Khudai: 1994 "Din Aa Gaye Shabab Ke", "Ulfat Ka Jab Kisis Ne Liya Naam", "Ye Sheeshe Ye Rishte"
Mammo: 1994 hazaar baar ruke ham, hazaar baar chale by Gulzar
Khal Nayak: 1993 "O Maa Tujhe Salaam"
Nargis: 1992 "Dono Ke Dil Hai Majboor Pyar Se", Main Kasie Kahoon Janeman
Billoo Badshah: 1989
Aakhri Kahani: 1989
Doosra Kanoon: 1989 TV
Kaanoon Ki Awaaz: 1989
Mirza Ghalib: 1988 TV Hit Serial Directed by Gulzar
Rahi: 1987
Aashiana: 1986 "Humsafar Ban Ke Hum"
Long Da Lishkara: 1986 "Ishq Hai Loko""Main Kandyali Thor Ve""Sare Pindch Puare Paye"
Phir Aayee Barsat: 1985 "Na Mohabbat Na Dosti Ke Liye"
Ravan: 1984 "Hum to Yun Apni Zindagi Se Mile""Main Gar Mein Chunariya"
Bahuroopi: 1984
Bhavna: 1984 "Mere Dil Mein Tu Hi Tu Hai"
Kalka: 1983
Tum Laut Aao: 1983
Zulf Ke Saye Saye: 1983 "Nashili Raat Mein"
Arth: 1982 "Jhuki Jhuki Si Nazar""Koi Yeh Kaise Bataye""Tere Khushboo Mein Base Khat""Too Nahin To Zindagi Mein Aur Kya Reha Jayega""Tum Itna Jo Muskura Rahe Ho"
Saath Saath: 1982 "Pyar Mujh Se Jo Kiya Tumne""Tum Ko Dekha To Yeh Khayal Aaya""Yeh Bata De Mujhe Zindagi""Yeh Bata De Mujhe Zindagi""Yeh Tera Ghar Yeh Mera Ghar""Yun Zindagi Ki Raah Mein" chitra singh
Sitam: 1982
Prem Geet: 1981
Hontho se chhoo lo tum mera geet amar kar do: FIRST HIT FILMY SONG
Ek Baar Kaho: 1980
Griha Pravesh: 1979
Avishkaar: 1973
Aankhon Aankhon Mein: 1972 associate camera operator
Heena: 1999 TV Serial
Neem ka pead: 1994 TV Serial ("Muunh ki baaten sune har koii")
Hello Jhindagi: 19**
TV Serial ("Jhindagi noor hain, Magar isme jalne kaa dastur hain")
Music composed for films: Leela (2002)
Sarfarosh (1999)
Khudai (1994)
Billoo Badshah (1989)
Kaanoon Ki Awaaz (1989)
Mirza Ghalib (1988) (TV Serial directed by Gulzar)
Rahi (1987)
Long Da Lishkara (1986)
Ravan (1984)
Arth (1982)
Sitam (1982) (as Jagjit-Chitra)
Prem Geet (1981)
Ghazal albums
The Unforgettables (1976)
A Milestone (1980)
Main aur Meri Tanhaayee (1981)
The Latest (1982)
Ecstasies (1984)
A Sound Affair (1985)
Echoes (1985-86)
Beyond Time (1987)
Mirza Ghalib (Two Volumes) (1988), TV Serial Directed by Gulzar
Passion / Black Magic (1988)
Ghazals from Films (1989)
Emotions
Man Jite Jagjit (1990)
Memorable Ghazals of Jagjit and Chitra (1990)
Someone Somewhere (1990)
H O P E (1991)
Sajda (Two Volumes with Lata Ji) (1991)
Kahkashan (Two Volumes) (1991-92), TV Serial Directed by Jalal Agaa
Visions (Two Volumes) (1992)
In Search (1992)
Rare Gems (1992)
Face to face (1993)
Your Choice (1993)
Chiraag (1993)
Desires (1994)
Insight (1994)
Cry for Cry5677
Mirage (1995)
Unique (1996)
Come Alive in a Concert (1998 (CD))
Live at the Wembley
Love is Blind (1998)
Silsilay (1998) (Lyrics by Javed Akhtar)
Marasim (1999) (Lyrics by Gulzar)
Saher (2000)
Samvedna 2002 (Atal Behari Vajpayee's poetry))
Soz (2002) (Lyrics by Javed Akhtar)
Forget Me Not (2002)
Jaam Utha
Muntazir (2004)
Tum To Nahin Ho (Lyrics by Bashir Badr) (2005)
Best of Jagjit & Chitra Singh (includes Mere Darwaaze Se Ab Chand Ko Ruksat Kar do by Ali Sardar Jaffrey)
Koi Baat Chale (Lyrics by Gulzar)

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